Don’t even think about it, by George Marshall

don't even think about itA few years ago, when I first grasped the importance of climate change, it was George Marshall’s book Carbon Detox that helped me to reduce my own CO2 emissions. I ended up buying several copies, and even adapted the book into a group activity for looking at carbon footprints together.

One of the reasons I liked Carbon Detox is that it looked at the psychology of climate change, and how to talk about it with different audiences. I was pleased to find that George Marshall’s follow up, several years later, is all about that: Don’t even think about it: Why our brains are wired to ignore climate change.

There are hundreds of books about climate change. There are documentaries, campaigns, Very Important Reports, conferences, ads, celebrity spokespeople, global concerts, and regular dire warnings. When asked, most of us will say that it’s a serious problem. And yet, most of us ignore it entirely, and it reliably comes bottom of the lists of issues that people are concerned about.

london floodThis inability to confront climate change will have serious consequences. We’re presently on track for four degrees of warming – enough to re-draw London’s aerial views considerably.

So why are we so unable to give climate change the attention it requires? Marshall sees a very human conundrum. “More than any other issue it exposes the deepest workings of our minds” he writes, “and shows our extraordinary and innate talent for seeing only what we want to see and disregarding what we would prefer not to know.”

Some of the psychology at work in our ignoring of climate change is familiar. We know for starters that we’re wired to see risks that are immediate and fast moving. We’ll duck at a low flying pigeon or jump at a rustle in the grass. A century-long, barely perceptible change, not so much.

We know that we respond to threats we can personify or things that offend us, hence the trillions spend on terrorism. A faceless chemical process just doesn’t rattle us.

Then there’s the bystander effect, the feeling that other people are bound to be doing something. Or pluralistic ignorance, when we become convinced that we’re in a minority when we’re not.

There are so many traps that climate change campaigners have fallen into – the messages of doom that subconsciously make us feel powerless, or the ones that rely on guilt, and that trigger all our defence mechanisms to fend it off. And of course it’s political. If we distrust the messenger, we won’t accept the warning.

Marshall explores these various ideas over the course of 42 short and engaging chapters, often talking to key people – from scientists, sceptics and psychologists to evangelical pastors, or visitors at comic-con. There’s a chapter on ‘Hopenhagen’, on why scaremongering ads don’t connect with us, on cyber-bulling or why we really should stop with the polar bears and ‘saving the earth’. One of the most interesting chapters deals with silence, something I encounter regularly – the nervous laughter and change of subject that immediately follows a mention of climate change in polite company.

This silence is important, because that’s the real battlefield. The high-profile deniers get the attention, but I’m with George on this one: “In real life, it seems that the most influential climate narrative of all may be the non-narrative of collective silence.”

On finishing the book, my overwhelming impression is that this is complicated. There are far more things to avoid than there are proven strategies, but the summary of all these things in the last chapter is worth the cover price alone. Don’t even think about it is a must read for climate communicators, even the most experienced. I suspect that if Al Gore had read it, he might have dropped his plans for another Live Earth jamboree.

There is no magical formula for engaging people in climate change, because it all depends on the audience. But we know we need to be aware of framings and how our messages are perceived. We know we need to focus on shared understandings and resist enemy narratives or competition. As Marshall learns from the church, it helps to create “communities of shared conviction”. We should drop the eco-messaging and stop talking about climate change as an environmental problem. And we can’t assume that what works for us will work for anyone else.

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14 Comments on “Don’t even think about it, by George Marshall”

  1. DevonChap February 5, 2015 at 9:25 pm #

    Climate campaigners don’t seem very good at building wide alliances. The seem more concerned about left wing issues than finding common ground with those who don’t agree with them on other issues.

    An example is the conflation of preventing climate change with ending inequality. The two aren’t linked, we can do one without the other but most climate campaigners wouldn’t countenance it. They need to be more like Lincoln. Saving the Union was his primary aim. As he said “..If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that….”

    • justnickoli February 6, 2015 at 9:11 am #

      It’s not that economic inequality is in itself directly a problem, it’s that the current economic system works in a way that creates excessive consumption, which is related to climate change, and extremely excessive inequality.

      Also, that inequality is the primary reason for me to care about climate change. It will affect the poor much worse than than the rich, and as Jeremy hints at (and has said in other posts) climate change isn’t a problem because it affects the planet, but because it affects people living on the planet.

    • Jeremy Williams February 6, 2015 at 10:59 am #

      Climate campaigners have made the connection with equality relatively recently, I’d say, and it’s still not got through to our politics. And the two are irretrievably linked, as my previous post spelled out.

      Climate change is primarily caused by the rich, but the poor are the most vulnerable. There’s a clear justice angle that can’t be ignored here. That’s a fact, and an important motivator. As Nickoli says, it never has been about ‘saving the earth’. The planet is the one thing we can guarantee will come out of this whole affair unscathed.

      However, I do agree that climate campaigners have been bad at building alliances. The subject has to be bigger than an ‘environmental’ issue, and divisive characters don’t help. I really wish Al Gore would recognise that the most useful thing he could do is disappear.

      • DevonChap February 6, 2015 at 12:55 pm #

        A very large majority of economists believe the solution to climate change is either ‘cap and trade’ or a carbon tax. End of. Redistribution not required.

        What is and isn’t just is not part of it.

        Climate Change plus equality reduces your possible audience since it excludes those who don’t agree on the equality point. It makes it a left wing issue when its started out as an issue that cut across party lines. Replacing Al Gore with equality leaves you with the same negative.

        • Jeremy Williams February 7, 2015 at 10:00 am #

          Justice is only an issue for the left?

          • DevonChap February 7, 2015 at 10:26 am #

            Different people come from the justice angle differently. You don’t have a monopoly on it.

      • Neil February 6, 2015 at 3:44 pm #

        I’d agree with all that. TEARFUND ignored climate change until the late 90’s. I think the biggest mistake is to not link climate change and energy security. It makes a far more compelling case in my view.

  2. John Taylor February 6, 2015 at 10:50 am #

    Agree with much of what has been said, however we must be aware of what threatens to become easily the greatest and most costly scare of them all, the worldwide political response to the fear of global warming. Undoubtedly there will be hosility by many to the idea that it should be described as a ‘scare’ at all. It is undeniable nevertheless that our civilization has only just begun to pay the immense price this fear is imposing on us all, especially in the western hemisphere.

    • Jeremy Williams February 6, 2015 at 10:53 am #

      I don’t there is a ‘scare’ about global warming. That’s kind of the point of the book.

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